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Chia seeds

Assisted hypolipidemic: Hyperlipidemia, the increase of serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein is caused by atherosclerosis (AS), coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension, diabetes, cholelithiasis, etc. Important risk factors for a variety of diseases. A large number of animal and population studies [17-19] have shown that consumption of Chia seeds can lower plasma triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). High-density lipoprotein (HDL) and plasma omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels are elevated. It is generally believed that the main material basis for the regulation of blood lipids by Chia seeds is omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids such as ALA and The mechanism of EPA and DHA regulation of blood lipids in vivo has been well established: 1) In reducing cholesterol, omega-3 fatty acids can inhibit HMG-CoA reductase (the main rate-limiting enzyme for cholesterol synthesis), thereby inhibiting endogenous cholesterol synthesis. In addition, omega-3 fatty acids promote cholesterol metabolism to bile acids and neutral steroids, which are excreted via feces and indirectly increase cholesterol excretion [20-21]. In contrast, it may be related to the preferential β-oxidation of ALA and the inhibition of triacylglycerol synthase [22].3) ALA can inhibit the activity of HMGCoA reductase, thereby reducing LDL, in reducing the mechanism of LDL. Synthesis. 4) ALA metabolites increase lipoprotein esterase and lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity in raising HDL, which play a key role in HDL production and maturation. Help with the synthesis of HDL [23].

Auxiliary hypoglycemic: Vuksan et al [24] confirmed that the consumption of Chia seed-baked bread can significantly reduce the postprandial blood glucose of the subject, and there is a dose-response relationship, and that Qia seeds are hypoglycemic and rich in dietary fiber. Related to dietary fiber hypoglycemic mechanism has been relatively clear: dietary fiber can slow down the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates; dietary fiber will prolong the enzymatic hydrolysis time of alpha-amylase to starch; the gel formed by the absorption of dietary fiber can hinder intestinal fluid Glucose uptake and diffusion. The hypoglycemic mechanism of Chia seeds is also related to its ability to increase glucose tolerance and increase the expression of heat shock proteins HSP70 and HSP25. Several studies [25] have confirmed that heat shock proteins HSP70 and HSP25 increase glucose tolerance. It plays an important role in regulating insulin signaling and increasing skeletal muscle sensitivity to insulin.

Auxiliary blood pressure reduction: Luciana et al [26] found that after 12 weeks of consumption of 35 g of Chia seeds, the blood pressure of hypertensive patients decreased. Vuksan et al [27] added daily on the basis of conventional treatment of diabetic patients (37 ± 4 After 12 weeks, the chiase pressure of the Chia seed group was lower than that of the control group (63 ± 40) mmHg (P <0001), and it was considered that the hypothalamic effect of Chia seeds was The result of its rich n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, high plant protein, high magnesium and high dietary fiber. The hypotensive effect of Chia seeds is also related to the production of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) after proteolysis. , Segura-Campos et al [2 8 ] found that the crude protein extract of Chia seed protein was enzymatically hydrolyzed by alkaline protease and complex flavor enzyme to have ACEI activity. Orona-Tamayo et al. [29] The globulin, albumin, prolamin and globulin in the subseed are extracted, and then the human gastrointestinal tract mimic digestion is carried out with pepsin and trypsin. The results show that the enzymatic hydrolysates of different protein components are It has ACEI activity, but globulin and albumin are the most active.

Improve skin texture and prevent skin diseases: Diwakar et al [30] showed that Chia seed extract can inhibit melanin production by down-regulating enzyme tyrosinase, which plays a key role in melanin biosynthesis ( TYR), tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP1) and melanocortin receptor 1 (MC1R) gene expression were achieved. Jeong et al. [31] found that Chia seed oil extract can cause itching in patients with itchy skin. Symptoms and neurological symptoms of dermatitis reduce, so that the skin water content increases.

Other health functions: Oliva et al [32] showed that Chia seeds can reduce the obesity of SD rats induced by high-fat and high sucrose diets. Espada et al [3 3 ] results show that Chia seed oil can inhibit mouse mammary gland Proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells. In addition, Chia seeds can also be used for allergic diseases.

Prevalence of diseases, coronary heart disease, cardiac muscle stenosis, dysmeneus and strokes

Anti-and treatment, anti-platelet aggregation and anti-viral effect

The toxicological evaluation of Chia seeds Li Shuqin et al [35] results show that Chia seeds are non-toxic



营养成分表



脂肪酸构成表


Chia seeds are not suitable for the crowd

1. Patients with hypotension

Studies have found that eating Chia seeds has the effect of lowering blood pressure, and may also increase the effect of blood pressure lowering drugs. If you have blood pressure problems, you must be careful when eating Chia seeds.



2. High fiber intolerance

Food fiber is water soluble and insoluble. One of the functions of water-soluble fibers is to provide energy for intestinal probiotics. Insoluble fiber can not be digested, and it is used to help the large intestine to move. About 1/4 of the fibers of Chia seeds are water-soluble and 3/4 insoluble. For some people, high insoluble fiber content can not help bowel movements, but may be constipated, and may easily produce gas or feel bloating discomfort.

3. People who are allergic to sesame, mint or mustard seeds

Chia seeds are the seeds of sage, which may be equally allergic to chia seeds due to their similar herbs.

4. People with blood concentration problems

Chia seeds are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 has a dilute blood effect. If you are taking a blood thinning drug or are about to undergo surgery, you should consult a doctor before eating.



5. High risk group of prostate cancer

Urologists say that in addition to family history, the use of male hormones is also a high risk of prostate cancer. Chia seeds contain alpha-linolenic acid. Some studies have shown that taking a large amount of alpha-linolenic acid may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. If you have prostate cancer or a high-risk person, avoid eating too much.



6. Pregnancy and breastfeeding

There is not enough information to ensure that there are side effects when eating Chia seeds during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

In addition, Chia seeds are raw food. Each capsule is small in size and difficult to clean, so it is important to pick organic raw and avoid eating chemical pesticides.


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